Comparative law is defined as the study of the existing relationship among legal systems. It also seeks to explain their similarities and differences. Comparative law has been used to have a clear and better understanding of unfamiliar legal systems. Comparative law has gained a lot of importance when it comes to the unification and harmonization of international laws with the current era of globalization. It has also resulted in a better order in the world and international cooperation. There are different branches of comparative law. They include comparative criminal law, comparative administrative law, comparative constitutional law, comparative civil law, and comparative commercial law. Check on law.nyu.edu for additional article.
The purpose of the comparative law is to assist people to have explicit knowledge of existing legal systems and contribute to the unification of legal systems. It was back in the 18th century that comparative law first came into existence. It is important to note that legal scholars practiced comparative methodologies before that. Montesquieu is regarded as the person who founded comparative law. Sir Henry Maine is a legal historian and also a British jurist. He is the founding figure of modern comparative law. Sir Henry played a huge role in making comparative law understood and implemented in primitive societies. This made it very influential and widely read.
The University of Oxford went down in history as the first university to introduce comparative law and offer it as a subject in 1869. Sir Henry Maine took up the position of the professor to teach the subject in the University. A legal Scholar known as Rudolf Schlesinger introduced the comparative law in the United States. He later went to teach the subject at the Cornell Law School which contributed to the spread of the discipline all over the US. Useful link on bizjournals.com.
Sujit Choudhry is a professor of law. He is known all over the world due to his in-depth knowledge of comparative law. He uses his knowledge of comparative law to help manage the evolution from aggressive conflict to democratic politics which are peaceful in societies that are ethnically divided. Sujit has more than 90 publications of book chapters, articles, reports, and working papers under his name. Read his tweets on twitter.com.
Sujit is a member of the editorial board of the South Africa’s Constitutional Court Review. Sujit is the Founding Director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions which is the first ever university-based institution in the world that mobilizes and generates knowledge to help in constitutional building. Check fundacity.com for additional article.
More articles to read here on http://blogs.law.nyu.edu/magazine/2011/introducing-sujit-choudhry/